Cerebral aneurysm is a fatal neurovascular disorder. Computational fluid dynamics simulation of aneurysm haemodynamics is one of the most important research tools which provide increasing potential for clinical applications. However, computational fluid dynamics modelling of such delicate neurovascular disorder involves physical complexities that cannot be easily simplified. Recently, it was shown that the Newtonian simplification used to close the shear stress tensor of the Navier–Stokes equation is not sufficient to explore aneurysm haemodynamics. This article explores the differences between the latter simplification, non-Newtonian power-law model and a newly proposed quasi-mechanistic model. The modified Krieger model, which treats blood as a suspension of plasma and particles, was implemented in computational fluid dynamics context here for the first time and is made available to the readers in a C# code in the supplementary material of this article. Two middle-cerebral artery and two anterior-communicating artery aneurysms, all ruptured, were utilized here as case studies. It was shown that the modified Krieger model had higher sensitivity for wall shear stress calculations in comparison with the other two models. The modified Krieger model yielded lower wall shear stress values consistently in comparison with the other two models. Moreover, the modified Krieger model has generally predicted higher pressure in the aneurysm models. Based on published aneurysm rupture studies, it is believed that ruptured aneurysms are usually correlated with lower wall shear stress values than unruptured ones. Therefore, this work concludes that the modified Krieger model is a potential candidate for providing better clinical relevance to aneurysm computational fluid dynamics simulations.
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- 1.Saqr KM. Computational fluid dynamics simulations of cerebral aneurysm using Newtonian, power-law and quasi-mechanistic blood viscosity models. Proc Inst Mech Eng H [Internet]. 2020 May 19;095441192091753. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954411920917531